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This would initially seem to discount Goody's model, except that in North India, the joint family is composed of the groom's parents, his married brothers and unmarried sisters, and their third generation children.
This joint family controlled this part of the dowry, which they used to help fund their own daughter/sister's dowries.
In contrast, plough agriculture is associated with private property and marriage tends to be monogamous, to keep the property within the nuclear family.
Close family are the preferred marriage partners so as to keep property within the group. Sylvia Yanagisko argues, for example, that there are a number of societies including parts of Japan, Southern Italy, and China, that do not support Goody's claim that dowry is a form of female inheritance of male property.
Similarly, dower is the property settled on the bride herself, by the groom at the time of marriage, and which remains under her ownership and control.
Dowry is an ancient custom, and its existence may well predate records of it.
In case of divorce without reason, a man was required to give his wife the dowry she brought as well as the bride price the husband gave.
While bride price or bride service is a payment by the groom or his family to the bride's parents, dowry is the wealth transferred from the bride's family to the groom or his family, ostensibly for the bride.A dowry establishes a type of conjugal fund, the nature of which may vary widely.This fund may provide an element of financial security in widowhood or against a negligent husband, and may eventually go to provide for her children.Dowries continue to be expected, and demanded as a condition to accept a marriage proposal, in some parts of the world, mainly in parts of Asia, Northern Africa and the Balkans.In some parts of the world, disputes related to dowry sometimes result in acts of violence against women, including killings and acid attacks.
In sparsely populated regions where shifting cultivation takes place, most of the work is done by women. Boserup further associates shifting horticulture with the practice of polygamy, and hence bridewealth is paid as a compensation to her family for the loss of her labour.